OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF THE BIRBHUM DISTRICT

SRINIKETAN SHANTINIKETAN DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
Contact No- 03463-253007

|Powers & Function| |Organizational Structure | |Projects|  |Statistics|

ADMINISTRATIVE PROFILE

 Introduction : Sriniketan Santiniketan Planning Area (SSPA) has multiple Urban and Rural Local Bodies within it. They are as follows-

Ø      SSDA is the apex body.
Ø      The Bolpur Municipality has jurisdiction over the Urban Areas.
Ø      Visva Bharati University Estate Dept looks after development activities within the campus.
Ø      The balance comprising rural areas and urban fringes fall under jurisdiction of Gram Panchayats.
Ø      There are few pockets, which comes directly under the jurisdiction of SSDA

Administrative Setup
 Sriniketan Santiniketan Planning Area, as notified under provisions of West Bengal Town & Country (Planning & Development) Act 1979, vide Gazette notification no. 4069-T&CP/IS-25/87 dated 27th December, 1997, is estimated to be about 108.08 sq.km comprising 44 mouzas (in full) under Bolpur Police Station, Birbhum District, West Bengal. 

The SSPA as delineated under the provision of the said Act of 1979 is shown in Fig-1

Out of 44 Mouzas, 40 fall under following Gram Panchayats (Ref. Appendix-1.1), namely - Sian Muluk; Raipur Surpur; Ruppur & Kankalitala. SSPA also includes Bolpur Municipality consisting of the 4 Mouza as given in Table-1

Administrative Jurisdiction of Local Bodies within SSPA

Administrative Jurisdiction

Area


Fig-1

TOP

Sq.Km

(%)

Visva Bharati

4.45

4.12

Bolpur Municipality

13.13

12.14

Rural Area under Four Gram Panchayats

88.70

82.08

Land Directly under SSPA

1.80

1.66

Total Area under SSPA

108.08

100.00

                                                        Table-1

 

 Powers and functions of SSDA

The powers and function of SSDA under Section 13, West Bengal Town and Country (Planning & Development) Act, 1979 are -

 1        To prepare Land Use Map;

 2        To prepare and enforce an Intermediate Perspective Plan till such time the LUDCP is prepared, approved and enforced;

 3        To prepare and enforce Land Use and Development Control Plan (LUCDP);

 4        To prescribe use of land within its area;

 5        To perform any other function which is supplemental, incidental or consequential to any of the functions aforesaid or which may be prescribed;

 6        To co-ordinate development activities of all departments and agencies of the state government or local authorities operating within the Planning Area:

 7        To carry out or cause to be carried out such works as are contemplated in the Perspective plans;

 8        To acquire, hold and manage such property, both moveable and immovable, as the Development Authority may deem necessary for the purpose of any of its activities and to lease, sell or otherwise transfer any property held by it;

 9        To purchase by agreement or take on lease or under any form of tenancy, any land and to erect thereon such buildings and to carry out such operations as may be necessary for the purpose of carrying on its undertakings.

 10    To enter into or perform such contracts as may be necessary for the purpose of  its duties and for exercise of its powers under this Act;

 11    To provide facilities for consignment, storage and delivery of goods


TOP

Organizational Structure of SSDA

TOP

PROJECTS EXECUTED BY SSDA  

 Prantik Township -  A Modern Urban Township.

 


      With a view to keep a perfect balance of modern and scientific town planning preserving the cultural and environmental heritage of  Santiniketan this Authority has developed an area over 57 acres at Prantik which is located immediately on the eastern side of Prantik Railway Station.  It is about 2 kilometers from Visva Bharati, Santiniketan and 7 kilometers from Bolpur. 

      The Township is equipped with the following utilities and services which are maintained by this Authority since its inauguration in December, 1994.
a)      Metal Roads, b) Storm Water Drainage, c) Piped Water Supply, d) Electricity, e) Telephone, f) Land scapping.

Construction and Development of Roads in Bolpur, Santiniketan , Sriniketan and surrounding urban fringe areas and rural areas.

Construction of Rest Shed and arrangement of Intensive Cardiac Care Unit at Sub-Divisional Hospital, Sian, Bolpur.

Development of a Forestry.

Development of Solar Village (Urja Gram) at Bondanga.

Arrangements of Rural Drinking Water Supply System at Mirzapur, Dwarakanathpur and Paruldanga

Construction of Low Cost Houses for homeless persons at Moldanga near Sriniketan.

Construction of Rabindra Bhavan Auditorium Complex – First Phase (‘Gitanjali’).

The Auditorium Complex comprises following facilities :-

a)      Main Auditorium with seating capacity of 750 persons.

b)     Seminar Hall with seating capacity of 200 persons.

c)      Meeting Room with seating capacity of 50 persons.

d)     Administrative Office with ticket counters.

e)      Landscapped Garden with fountains. 

      Auditorium is  centrally air conditioned and is  equipped with modern Dolby digital Sound System and with cinema projection facility .  Seminar Hall and Meeting Room are also  air conditioned.

PROJECTS UNDER EXECUTION 

  Construction of Bye-Pass Road at Bolpur

A Bye-Pass Road having a total stretch of 3 kms. (approx) connecting Bolpur-Suri Road at Jambuni Bus Stand and Bolpur-Illambazar Road near Kasimbazar , has been taken up by this Authority to solve the problem of traffic congestion of entire Bolpur, specially the Bolpur station area.  Total Project cost is Rs. 4.00 crores. This is a HUDCO assisted project through grants-in-aid from Urban Development Department, Government of W.B. 

Construction of Commercial Complex at Prantik Township.

As a part of its commitment to develop Prantik Township as a model modern township, this Authority started Commercial Complex at a cost of Rs. 16.00 lakhs.  This project is nearing completion.

Construction and development of roads and bridges in the rural areas under Basic Minimum Services Programme.     

PROJECTS TO BE EXECUT ED 

1.      Development of a Comprehensive  Housing Project at Prabasipally, near Santiniketan.

Acquisition process of 5.19 acres of land for the Project is nearing completion.  Flats/Dwelling units/Commercial units will be constructed for sale among public with facilities of  Parks, Playgrounds, Car Parking Space, Clubhouse, Commercial Centre and Resident Doctor’s Chamber. 

2.      Development of an Environment Park at Lahabandh near Santiniketan.

A plot of land measuring  24.32 acres with a water body of about 17.70 acres has been acquired by this Authority at Madhusudanpur Mouza at a distance of about 1 km. from Santiniketan for setting up of an Environment Park for tourism, education and civic purpose.

TOP

STATISTICS AND DEMOGRAPHY

Demographic Dynamics of SSPA

Population in SSPA increased from 104521 in 1991 to 127492 in 2001 indicating a simple annual growth of 2.2 per cent over the last decade.  The rate of growth of urban population was considerably higher than that of rural population. The urban population increased at a rate of 2.4 per cent during the same period, as against 2.1 per cent of growth for rural population. Table 2  presents the size of population and growth trend over a few decades for SSPA as a whole and separately for urban and rural segments.

Trend of Population Growth in SSPA during 1951 –2001                 
                                                                                           

Year

Population

Index of Growth

Rural

Urban

Total

Rural

Urban

1951

20650 (58)

14802 (42)

35452

100

100

1961

29317 (56)

23335 (44)

52652

142

158

1971

35124 (54)

29636 (46)

64760

170

200

1981

43429 (53)

38436 (47)

81865

210

259

1991

51655 (49)

52866 (51)

104521

250

357

2001

61966 (49)

65526 (51)

127492

300

443

Note :  Figures in parenthesis indicate percentage share.  Source: Census of India – 1951- 2001

Table - 2

Gross Population Density

Gross population density showing the land-man ratio in a given area at a given time has a great significance from the point of view of planning. The population density of SSPA and its constituent units - urban and rural - over the period 1951-2001 is depicted vide  Table- 3.  It may be mentioned here that the data relate to urban area include Visva-Bharati Complex also.

Population Density Variation SSPA  (1951–2001)       

Year

Density of  Population per Sq.Km

Rural

Urban

SSPA

1951

217

1127

328

1961

309

1777

487

1971

370

2257

599

1981

457

2927

757

1991

544

4026

967

2001

653

4991

1179

                                                                              Table - 3  
The population of SSPA is increasing gradually. The population density of the planning area, as a whole, increased about 3.6 times during the period from 1951 (328 / Sq.Km) to 2001 (1179 per/Sq.Km). Within SSPA, density of urban area  (Bolpur Municipality and Visva-Bharati Complex taken together) was higher than that of SSPA. Bolpur Municipality, by itself, is more congested part of the planning area. The density worked out to be 4991 /Sq.Km, i.e. more than 4 times as dense as SSPA.

 Age and Sex Distribution of Population in  SSPA 

It transpired that the population of SSPA bears some marks of having a good number of households consisting mainly of working age members.

Age and Sex Distribution of Population in  SSPA                                     

Area of Residence

Percentage of Persons by Age (Years)

0-4

5-9

10-14

15-44

45-59

60-64

65+

Total

2.4     Males

URBAN

4.93

8.08

7.51

53.63

17.69

2.50

5.65

100.00

RURAL

6.62

10.86

11.18

49.95

14.66

2.06

4.67

100.00

SSPA

5.65

9.26

9.08

52.06

16.40

2.32

5.23

100.00

2.5     Females

URBAN

5.55

6.69

9.68

56.16

14.88

1.50

5.55

100.00

RURAL

7.18

10.34

11.31

54.99

10.34

3.04

2.80

100.00

SSPA

6.23

8.22

10.37

55.67

12.97

2.15

4.39

100.00

2.6     Persons

URBAN

5.22

7.41

8.55

54.84

16.34

2.02

5.60

100.00

RURAL

6.88

10.61

11.24

52.32

12.62

2.52

3.79

100.00

SSPA

5.93

8.77

9.69

53.78

14.77

2.23

4.83

100.00

Source : Field Survey

Table-4

The percentage share of working age-group population (between 15 to 59 years of age) was higher for urban (71.32) than that of rural (64.61). There was not much difference in the distribution pattern between males and females

LEVEL OF EDUCATION

Table-5 shows the percentage distribution of males and females over different standards of general education.  The table is based on all persons aged 7 years or more.

Distribution of Persons  by General Education in SSPA         

                 

General Education Standard

Percentage of Persons residing in

URBAN

RURAL

SSPA

 

M

F

P

M

F

P

M

F

P

Illiterate

6.21

19.57

12.53

22.42

38.26

29.83

13.00

27.30

19.73

Literate below primary

3.23

3.70

3.45

9.45

6.63

8.13

5.84

4.91

5.40

Primary school

14.95

14.12

14.56

20.85

23.76

22.21

17.42

18.10

17.74

Middle school

27.19

26.68

26.95

25.33

19.06

22.40

26.41

23.53

25.05

Secondary school

22.99

24.44

23.68

14.91

9.39

12.33

19.60

18.22

18.95

Graduate

20.19

9.15

14.97

5.45

2.35

4.00

14.02

6.34

10.40

Post-graduate

4.81

2.14

3.55

1.58

0.55

1.10

3.45

1.48

2.53

Ph. D.

0.44

0.19

0.32

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.25

0.11

0.19

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Source : Field Survey

   Table -

The percentage of illiterates was nearly 20 (13 for males and 27 for females). The percentage of persons who had not completed primary school was nearly 6 for males and 5 for females. Graduates and above formed nearly 18 per cent for males and 8 for females. Interestingly, most of persons (62 per cent) fell in the three classes - primary school, middle school and secondary school. The corresponding percentage share was about 63 for males and 60 for females. Which shows that present generation girls of SSPA, both urban and rural area are moving forward at the same pace as boys in education

Population Projection for SSPA

In absence of an established database on the demographic variable like fertility, mortality ,migration e.t.c. for , it is difficult to estimate future population using the various demographic methods. Therefore three alternative mathematical projections have been applied to estimate the future population of SSPA using various functions.

1) Methodology for Projection

The following methods have been used to arrive at the projected population.

(a)   Extrapolation by linear growth rate

(b)   Extrapolation by exponential growth rate

(c)   Employment generation dependency.

Out of three such projections alternative two which is a second degree fit by the method of least square (seems to be more reasonable) has been used for the purpose under reference. The projected populations of SSPA, as a whole , and for two segments (urban and rural) are shown in  Table-6  The population of SSPA is expected to be 2.56 lakhs in 2025 with a break-up of 1. 32 lakhs for urban and 1.24 lakhs for rural area.  

Projected Population for Different Time Horizon in SSPA                     Table - 6

 

Area

Projection of Population

2001

2011

2021

2025

Urban

65526

85129

111816

131701

Rural

61966

81218

100667

124774

SSPA

127492

166347

212483

256476

 

This site is designed, developed and maintained by National Informatics Centre,
 Birbhum  District Centre, New Administrative Building, Suri, Birbhum-731101,
 West Bengal , India.