OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF THE BIRBHUM DISTRICT
Introduction : Sriniketan Santiniketan Planning
(SSPA) has multiple Urban and Rural Local Bodies within it. They are as
The powers and function of SSDA under Section 13, West Bengal Town and Country (Planning & Development) Act, 1979 are -
1 To prepare Land Use Map;
2 To prepare and enforce an Intermediate Perspective Plan till such time the LUDCP is prepared, approved and enforced;
3 To prepare and enforce Land Use and Development Control Plan (LUCDP);
4 To prescribe use of land within its area;
5 To perform any other function which is supplemental, incidental or consequential to any of the functions aforesaid or which may be prescribed;
6 To co-ordinate development activities of all departments and agencies of the state government or local authorities operating within the Planning Area:
7 To carry out or cause to be carried out such works as are contemplated in the Perspective plans;
8 To acquire, hold and manage such property, both moveable and immovable, as the Development Authority may deem necessary for the purpose of any of its activities and to lease, sell or otherwise transfer any property held by it;
9 To purchase by agreement or take on lease or under any form of tenancy, any land and to erect thereon such buildings and to carry out such operations as may be necessary for the purpose of carrying on its undertakings.
10 To enter into or perform such contracts as may be necessary for the purpose of its duties and for exercise of its powers under this Act;
11 To provide facilities for consignment, storage and delivery of goods
The Township is equipped with the
following utilities and services which are maintained by this Authority
since its inauguration in December, 1994.
Construction of Rest Shed and arrangement of Intensive Cardiac Care Unit at Sub-Divisional Hospital, Sian, Bolpur.
Development of Solar Village (Urja Gram) at Bondanga.
Arrangements of Rural Drinking Water Supply System at Mirzapur, Dwarakanathpur and Paruldanga
Construction of Low Cost Houses for homeless persons at Moldanga near Sriniketan.
The Auditorium Complex
comprises following facilities :-
Main Auditorium with seating capacity of 750 persons.
Seminar Hall with seating capacity of 200 persons.
Meeting Room with seating capacity of 50 persons.
Administrative Office with ticket counters.
Landscapped Garden with fountains.
Auditorium is centrally air conditioned and is equipped with modern Dolby digital Sound System and with cinema projection facility . Seminar Hall and Meeting Room are also air conditioned.
PROJECTS UNDER EXECUTION
A Bye-Pass Road having a total stretch of 3 kms.
(approx) connecting Bolpur-Suri Road at Jambuni Bus Stand and
Bolpur-Illambazar Road near Kasimbazar , has been taken up by this
Authority to solve the problem of traffic congestion of entire Bolpur,
specially the Bolpur station area.
Total Project cost is Rs. 4.00 crores. This is a HUDCO assisted
project through grants-in-aid from Urban Development Department,
Government of W.B.
Construction of Commercial Complex at Prantik Township.
As a part of its commitment to develop Prantik Township as a model modern township, this Authority started Commercial Complex at a cost of Rs. 16.00 lakhs. This project is nearing completion.
Construction and development of roads and bridges in the rural areas under Basic Minimum Services Programme.
PROJECTS TO BE
1. Development of a Comprehensive Housing Project at Prabasipally, near Santiniketan.
Acquisition process of 5.19 acres of land for the Project is
Flats/Dwelling units/Commercial units will be constructed for sale
among public with facilities of
Parks, Playgrounds, Car Parking Space, Clubhouse, Commercial Centre
and Resident Doctor’s Chamber.
2. Development of an Environment Park at Lahabandh near Santiniketan.A plot of land measuring 24.32 acres with a water body of about 17.70 acres has been acquired by this Authority at Madhusudanpur Mouza at a distance of about 1 km. from Santiniketan for setting up of an Environment Park for tourism, education and civic purpose.
Demographic Dynamics of SSPA
Population in SSPA increased from 104521 in 1991 to 127492 in 2001
indicating a simple annual growth of 2.2 per cent over the last
decade. The rate of growth of
urban population was considerably higher than that of rural population.
The urban population increased at a rate of 2.4 per cent during the same
period, as against 2.1 per cent of growth for rural population. Table 2 presents the size
of population and growth trend over a few decades for SSPA as a whole and
separately for urban and rural segments.
Table - 2
Gross Population Density
Gross population density showing the land-man ratio in a given area at a given time has a great significance from the point of view of planning. The population density of SSPA and its constituent units - urban and rural - over the period 1951-2001 is depicted vide Table- 3. It may be mentioned here that the data relate to urban area include Visva-Bharati Complex also.
Population Density Variation SSPA (1951–2001)
Table - 3
Age and Sex Distribution of Population in SSPA
It transpired that the population of SSPA bears some marks of having a good number of households consisting mainly of working age members.
Age and Sex Distribution of Population in SSPA
The percentage share of working age-group population (between 15 to 59 years of age) was higher for urban (71.32) than that of rural (64.61). There was not much difference in the distribution pattern between males and females
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
Table-5 shows the percentage distribution of males and females over different standards of general education. The table is based on all persons aged 7 years or more.
Distribution of Persons by General Education in SSPA
Table - 5
Table - 5
Population Projection for SSPA
In absence of an established database on the demographic variable like fertility, mortality ,migration e.t.c. for , it is difficult to estimate future population using the various demographic methods. Therefore three alternative mathematical projections have been applied to estimate the future population of SSPA using various functions.
The following methods have been used to arrive at the projected population.
(a) Extrapolation by linear growth rate
(b) Extrapolation by exponential growth rate
(c) Employment generation dependency.
Out of three such projections alternative two which is a second degree fit by the method of least square (seems to be more reasonable) has been used for the purpose under reference. The projected populations of SSPA, as a whole , and for two segments (urban and rural) are shown in Table-6 The population of SSPA is expected to be 2.56 lakhs in 2025 with a break-up of 1. 32 lakhs for urban and 1.24 lakhs for rural area.
Projected Population for Different Time Horizon in SSPA Table - 6
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